Determination of Impairment for Individuals with Learning Disabilities

The first element of establishing eligibility for vocational rehabilitation services is a determination by qualified personnel that the applicant has a physical or mental impairment. (See Section 2/Part 2 for additional information about eligibility determination.)

There are two options for determining that an applicant’s impairment is a specific learning disability.

Option 1 - A written statement and explanation/analysis is provided by a licensed psychologist or certified school psychologist verifying that all three of the following criteria are met:

  1. A full scale IQ, greater than or equal to 75.

  2. A 22 point or more scaled score difference between IQ and Academic Achievement (i.e., at least a 1 ½ standard deviation difference).

  3. A statistically significant (.05) difference (usually about 10 scaled score points) between different cognitive abilities (e.g., verbal IQ and performance IQ).

When using Option 1, the following requirements must be met:

Option 2 - Option 2 is available only when all three criteria in Option 1 are not specifically met. In such cases, certification from a licensed psychologist, certified school psychologist, or an RS psychological consultant may be used in lieu of Option 1 if a reasonable rationale is provided. This rationale must include a description and analysis of the individual's characteristics which are related to the presence of a learning disability.

Consideration must be given to the following additional factors when assessing presence of a specific learning disability:

Effective Date: April 26, 2005